When plaque builds up in the tissues around the teeth, infections can occur and may lead to periodontal disease. The tissues in question include the calcified substance which covers the roots of your teeth known as cementum, your gums, and the surrounding ligaments and bone tissues. Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease and it only affects your gums. Bleeding during flossing and brushing, inflammation, tender and painful gums are all of the most common signs and symptoms of gingivitis. If left untreated this will lead to worse symptoms such as, recession of the gums which causes the teeth to look elongated, unpleasant breath and development of pockets between the teeth and gums which will contain a yellowish, thick pus.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
Thankfully, preventing periodontal disease is easily prevented by following a regular, comprehensive oral hygiene routine. The first step in every oral hygiene routine should be regular and thorough brushing of both teeth and tongue. This will prevent plaque from building up on the surface of your teeth and the areas between the teeth. The next step should be flossing between your teeth. This will remove any food particles which the brushing may have missed. The final step in your routine is to swish with an antibacterial mouthwash, this will rinse away any residual particles which have been missed. In addition to this routine, you should also schedule regular cleanings with your dentist.
Smoking, age, poor diet and genetics can all increase the chances of you developing periodontal disease. On the bright side, if caught early enough, it is possible to reverse the development of periodontal disease. To help identify any symptoms of periodontal disease early enough, you should ask your dentist about performing a comprehensive evaluation on a yearly basis or sooner if you have concerns.
To reverse the development of gingivitis, it is important to implement a rigorous dental hygiene routine as described above. This includes brushing, flossing and swishing. Eating a diet rich in fruit, whole grains, vegetables, seafood and lean meats will boost your immune system and help slow down the development of periodontal disease.
Treating Advanced Periodontal Disease
Dentistry is a quickly developing medical field and there has been some significant progress made in the treatment of advanced periodontal disease in recent years. Your treatment will depend on the extent of damage to the tissues and other individual factors. Please feel free to contact our office at your convenience for more information.
Dr. Lisa Jo Adornetto
3861 Battleground Ave
Greensboro, NC 27410